How To Zero a Red Dot? : The Ultimate No Shit Guide
Today we will be talking about zeroing your new red dot sight. This article is totally newbie friendly so don’t worry if it’s your first time with firearms, first red dot sight or if you’re new to zeroing.
Red dots are becoming way more popular than they were before. Every gun owner owns a red dot, be it for a handgun, shotgun or lever-action rifles. Using them is an amazing experience but mounting and zeroing them can be a pain.
So, let’s jump to the topic.
What is the Best Distance to Zero a Red Dot?
It’s totally a personal preference, some shooters are comfortable at 100 yards and others at 50 or even 25 yards. You can try at all distances and choose whatever suits you the best.
I personally prefer zeroing a red dot at 50 yards as it automatically gets zeroed at 200 yards.
All AR platforms have the same Picatinny rail, so that’s an added benefit for easy mounting.
Also, you mostly get mounts with red dots which perfectly fit on the Picatinny rails.
Furthermore, if you’ve accessories like iron sights (BUIS), or lights taking space on the rail you can still mount the red dot either close to the eye or close to the muzzle. Thanks to the infinite eye relief the red dots provide.
In case you don’t have access to an AR platform, don’t worry the method is still the same.
How to Zero a Red Dot with Iron Sights?
Iron sights make the whole process a lot easier.
All you’ve to do is perform what the soldiers call as “lollipopping”.
Lollipopping is the process of placing the dot on the top of the front post. You’ll have to play a bit with those windage and elevation adjustments to achieve lollipopping.
Lollipopping is also known as Absolute Co-Witness.
Go to the range and perform a test, the point of impact will be somewhere near the target.
If you’re looking for more precision, simply adjust to get the desired point of impact.
How to Zero a Red Dot without Iron Sights?
Don’t worry, I got you. To zero a red dot without an iron sight is to boresight.
To be honest, every gun owner should own a bore sighter.
The main advantage of bore sighting a red dot is, it saves ammo, is time-saving and is cheap.
What’s the Best Bore Sighter in 2022?
Though there are various kinds of bore sighting equipment but I prefer Magnetic Bore Sighter from Wheeler.
Laser Bore Sighters are a great option to get the bullet on the paper and it can bring you closer to the target.
All you have to do is insert the laser bore sight into the bore and aim at the target. The laser dot will help you to zero the red dot easily and without any shooting.
For the fact, a bullet doesn’t travel in a straight line so you will have to make some minor adjustments while shooting.
Old School Way of Bore Sighting:
Now, still considering the AR platform, place the upper (after removing the lower) on a steady platform like a gun vise.
Now let’s say you’re aiming at 50 yards, try to bring the barrel at the center of the target.
Once adjusted, look through the sight and adjust the placement of dot so that it’s at the center of the target.
Double check the barrel placement, if it moved while adjusting the red dot, you’ll have to repeat the steps again.
Fire some groups to check the point of impact and adjust if needed.
Zeroing a Red Dot on a Handgun/Pistol:
The advantage of modern handguns is that they are already equipped with mounting features.
In case your pistol doesn’t have this feature you’ve got 2 options:
Either try to mount it using dovetail shot.
Or simply a certified gunsmith can add a mounting platform for the optic.
Now, place the dot on the top of the iron sight by adjusting it (Lollipopping).
Aim at the target (preferably at 5 yards) and check the point of impact and make the adjustments accordingly.
For zeroing the gun at other distances (say 20 yards), you’ll have to probably make slight elevation adjustments.
Fire a few groups and check the point of impact. Repeat until you hit the desired point.
Making Adjustments on the Optic to Achieve Zero:
Before we dive into this, let’s talk about MOA (minute of angle).
What is MOA?
Simply, MOA is unit of measurement, let’s understand with an example.
When we say 1 MOA, we mean 1 inch at 100 yards. Also, 1 MOA is a ½ inch at 50 yards.
Precisely speaking, 1 MOA is equal to 1.047. We can consider it as 1 because the distance we are aiming at is short. Though when considering longer distances (which you won’t with a red dot), even a small value like 1.047 can cause a huge deflection).
To understand the whole concept of adjustment in a much better way I suggest to watch this video, practical info is better than theory.
If you still want to read then go on.
So, if we place a grid square at 100 yards and shoot at it, regardless of where it hits in the square, your minute of adjustment will be the MOA.
Now, let’s have a look at the sight. On the red dot sight, we get windage and elevation adjustments.
For the red dot, I am considering it has 1 MOA per click (check your manual to see yours). Generally, 1 MOA is too much, I know.
So, this means, if I shoot my rifle and I aim at the zero and when I fire the bullet, it lands here.
So how would I bring the point of impact to the point I am actually aiming at?
Ok, we know 1 MOA is a 1-inch adjustment at 100 yards. Now check your optic, you will see that it has got a “UP” and an arrow that indicates “Right”.
So, as I know my adjustments are 1-inch per click so as per the grid, I’ll go 6 clicks UP (use a screwdriver if needed).
Note: In my case, I turned it to the left, but you should check yours as many sights have this backwards.
So, the 6 clicks should bring the point of impact to the point as seen in the image below.
Now we need to bring the impact point to the right. Let’s get on the windage adjustment (in my case it needs to be turned left to put the impact point to the right). It will take approximately 5 clicks to reach somewhere near the target.
So, now shoot again and you’ll see either you hit the target, or you are damn close to it. Do some minor changes until you’re happy with the adjustments.
Note: MOA remains same irrespective to the distance.
That means, 1 MOA = 1 inch (100 yards).
1 MOA =1/2 inch (50 yards).
1 MOA = ¼ inch (25 yards).
So, if you are trying to zero your red sight at 50 yards, you have to simply double that.
At 50 yards, if your point of impact is similar to the first square grid, each adjustment will be ½ inch, so if you want to go up to the point, you must double that i.e., 12 clicks and to go right to the point at 50 yards you will have to double that too (here 10 clicks).
Have a look at the video and you’ll get an idea.
If your sight has ½ inch MOA adjustments, you will have to take 2 clicks to move 1 inch at 100 yards (Ah! Simple Mathematics!).
If you have 1 inch MOA adjustments, you will have to take 1 click to move 1 inch at 100 yards.
Another Method to Zero a Red Dot Sight:
Here’s a quick method to zero your red dot by firing at most 2 shots.
Firstly, make sure that your rifle stays steady so maybe fix it on bench rest or a vice.
Now, simply fire at the sight-in target using the red dot.
OR I prefer shooting with iron sight first, doesn’t take much time and works well for short distances.
Now, simply move your dot to the impact point and boom you have successfully zeroed your red dot sight easily!
Note: I prefer shooting in groups just to make sure that the red dot stays on zero. Also, you can zero any kind of scope using this method.
So, I hope this would have helped you to quickly zero your red dot. The same methods are pretty similar to zeroing your scopes too. If you have any questions or suggestions, please do comment below. Share this guide with your friends and fellow gun enthusiasts too!
Remember, know your scope, your rifle and basic adjustments.